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What is the purpose of English?

English is now spoken by billions of  people around the globe  – it  is the international currency.   One only has to turn to the internet to begin to appreciate the influence that this language has on our daily lives.

If one does not master the English language, there are doors that will never be opened.

This subject will ensure that :

• Are able to listen and speak for a variety of purposes, audiences and contexts. Communication is  vital  in  this  day  and  age  and  we  teach  the  learners  not  only  to  speak  and  write  well,  but  to  express original ideas – they need to meet the challenges of an ever-changing world.

• Are able to evaluate critically and respond to a wide range of texts.   We expose the students to a  variety  of   texts:  from  Shakespeare  to  the  latest  novels  for  young adults, from  “The  Matrix”  to documentary  films,  as  well  as  the  world  of advertising  and  satire.It is  vital  to  be  able  to  be  able deconstruct  meaning  and  then  form  a  coherent,  authentic  response  -  we  take  pride  in  encouraging our learnerss to think for themselves.

• Gain  experience  of  (and  are  thus  comfortable with) with  an  inter-textual  approach  to  both  the literature and the language aspects of the syllabus.   This involves integrating film, media studies and  other  texts  where  the  focus  is  on  visual  literacy,  listening  skills,  advertising,  political  discourse, cartoons, analytical skills (higher order, critical thinking), oratory skills (audience) and the specifics of language  (textual  editing,  the  application  of  active  and  passive  voice,  manipulation  of  texts,  the  use of subtext, for example).

• Are   able   to   present   for   a   wide   range   of   purposes   and   audiences   using   conventions   and formats appropriate to diverse contexts.   Practical skills are obviously also vital and  we teach the learnerss  how to  respond  effectively in  a  number  of  different  contexts,  whether  it  be  applying  for  a job or firing someone, writing an inspiring speech or reflecting on one’s own development, writing an essay
about the relevance of Shakespeare’s “King Lear” or the state of our democracy.



Taal is basies die gereedskap wat die mens ontwikkel om met mekaar te kan kommunikeer.   Eers word dit gepraat en later geskryf om jou ‘n volledige burger van ons meertalige land te maak. Deur Afrikaans te kan praat en skryf is dit een van die doeltreffendste maniere om onderlinge begrip te bevorder en goeie verhoudings tot stand te bring.


Afrikaans is ’n inheemse taal van Afrika, want:

• dit is een van Suid- Afrika se elf amptelike tale.
• dit is die derde grootste huistaal in Suid-Afrika.
• minstens 13 291 224 Suid-Afrikaners   kan Afrikaans praat.

Afrikaans is ‘n allemanstaal, want:

dit is een van die algemeenste gebruikstale in ons Suid-Afrikaanse gemeenskap en die omgangstaal in Namibië.
• dit word ook in Zambië gepraat

Afrikaans is ‘n akademiese taal want:

• Afrikaans word algemeen vir opvoeding, onderwys en opleiding in Suid- Afrika gebruik – van voorskoolse sorgsentrums tot op tersiëre vlak.
• ook by van die wêreld se beste universiteite in Nederland, België en selfs Duitsland is Afrikaanse Suid Afrikaners welkom.
• verskeie universiteite   en instansies in Afrika, Europa, die V.S.A. en selfs die Sowjet-Unie bied Afrikaans as vak aan.
• “Afrikaans waai oorsee” tot in Nieu-Seeland waar Afrikaans oor die TV gehoor word en waar ook kerkdienste in Afrikaans gehou word.

Afrikaans is ‘n modern taal want:

• Dit is een van die jongste tale ter wêreld en daarom ‘n produk van ons moderne tyd en dit is daarom eintlik hoogmode om te praat!
• 6,5 miljoen Suid- Afrikaners beskou Afrikaans as hul moedertaal.
• dit is ‘n dinamiese produk wat so vinnig saam met die wêreld om ons groei en verander dat
sommige van die bewakers van die taal die papelellakoors daarvan kan kry.

                                                                                                                                 (Inligting verkry by ATKV)



 What is Mathematics?

 Mathematics is the study of patterns and the measurement, properties and relationships of quantities,using numbers and symbols. 

Mathematics will ensure that a learner can:

 • Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and
   creative thinking

• Collect, analyse, organize and critically evaluate information in order to
   make informed decisions

• Communicate effectively using visual, symbolic and language skills

• Work effectively and responsibly with others as part of a team, group and community
• Use science and technology effectively in matters relating to the environment and health, to
name a few
• Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems


Mathematics is a powerful tool and is an essential element in the curriculum of any learners who intends to pursue a career in the fields of study such

 - Physical & Natural sciences

 - Engineering

 - Medicine

 - Technology

- Space & Environmental Science

- Mathematics and Mathematical sciences

 It also plays an important role in the fields of Economics, Management and  
 the Social Sciences.




 Why Mathematical Literacy?

 At TSHWANE MUSLIM SCHOOL we acknowledge and appreciate that not all learners have the ability to think in a mathematically abstract manner. For this very reason, we are grateful that a subject like Mathematical Literacy is

available to enable the learnerss to use the mathematical skills and concepts that they have learned, but to do so in a contextual manner.

 Across the world, there is evidence that many adults are not able to do any but the simplest arithmetical calculations. They struggle to calculate percentages or interpret interest rates and graphs. The implications for such lack of understanding and facility are far reaching. People are exploited by biased reporting and advertising and ill equipped to make responsible financial decisions.


The pervasive presence of handheld calculators and computers makes it critical that people understand how to interpret results of calculations and that they are able to decide logically what Mathematics to use.

 Mathematical Literacy provides the learners with an awareness and understanding of the role that Mathematics has in the modern world. Mathematical Literacy is a subject driven by life-related

applications of Mathematics. It enables the learners to develop the ability and confidence to think numerically and spatially in order to interpret and analyse everyday situations and solve problems.

 Mathematical Literacy aims to:

 • Ensure that learners are highly numerate users of mathematics.

• Provide learners with opportunities to engage with real life problems in
   different contexts and so 
consolidate and extend basic mathematical skills.
• Develop the use of mathematical skills in order to analyse critically situations  
  and creatively solve 
everyday problems.
• Enable a learners to become a self-managing person and a participating
  citizen in our democracy.


Some of the real-life scenarios/skills that are dealt with in Mathematical Literacy are:


• Financial issues such as hire purchase, mortgage bonds and investments
• The ability to read a map and follow timetables
• To estimate and calculate area and volume
• To understand house plans and floor plans
• Acknowledging that activities such as cooking and the use of medicine
   require the efficient use of 
ratio and proportion
• Dealing with work-related formulas
• Reading statistical charts with confidence
• Dealing with schedules and understanding instructions involving numerical

• To be aware that statistics can often be used to support opposing arguments
• Graphs that emphasize break even points for our budding entrepreneurs
• Calculating profit margins and percentage profit



 What is the purpose of Life Orientation?

 Life Orientation encourages our learners to develop holistically through a
 focus on the following areas:

• Achieving and maintaining personal well-being. Life Orientation provides a 
  focus on the personal development of the individual, from encouraging
  personal introspection on our strengths and 
weaknesses, to developing the
  learners’s ability to manage the time he has available to him, in order to  
  ensure that he maximizes his potential.
• Demonstrating an understanding and appreciation of the values and rights
  that underpin the 
Constitution in order to practise responsible citizenship and
  to enhance social justice and sustainable
living. Our ability to function within
  the framework that governs our lives is crucial for our success in 
a world
  where social communication and mass media dominate.

  • Exploring and engaging responsibly in recreational and physical activities, to promote well-being. As the saying goes, “a healthy body; a healthy mind” and many of us struggle to find and maintain the balance within our lives.

• Demonstrating self-knowledge and the ability to make informed  
  decisions regarding further study, 
career fields and career pathing.
  There  are a myriad of challenges facing our learnerss entering the job
  market in today’s society and successfully negotiating this landscape is
  crucial to their success. Life 
Orientation strives to encourage the
  individual to develop the skills required to cope successfully with
  these challenges.

In short, Life Orientation is a compulsory subject that seeks to encourage the holistic development of each learner in order to maximize his opportunities to navigate the world he/ she is faced with today successfully.


Life Science, previously known as Biology, is a natural science concerned with the study of life and living organisms. This includes their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy.
Science is a product of human endeavor as people try understanding their world.

Becoming scientifically literate involves acquisition of knowledge, understanding how this knowledge is linked to form major themes,  understanding processes and developing values and attitudes.

The Life Sciences course is built on experiential learning and is taught based on four basic principles:

• Concrete experience
• Reflection on that experience
• Forming ideas based on experience(s)
• Applying and testing the new concepts

This combination of approaches allows for various types of learning styles. It also allows learnerss to tie the material back to the real world.

This subject will ensure that learners:
• Acquire knowledge of and competency in the use of biological terms:

• Have the ability to recognize and demonstrate links between processes:

• Have the ability to demonstrate knowledge by understanding of the personal,
  social, economic 
and technological applications of biological science.

• Develop practical competencies in:

- following instructions
- handling living material using equipment
- use of apparatus using chemicals, measuring and estimating
- exercising responsibility in handling apparatus, chemicals and living specimens

• Develop observational competencies: Ability to observe differences (use and construct keys), observe changes, describe accurately, and distinguish between relevant and irrelevant details.

• Develop ability to plan and carry out a scientific investigation:

 - formulate a hypothesis

    •    - consider and control variables
         - design an experiment, measure, and record data

• Develop the ability to record, interpret and communicate

               - by explanation
               - descriptions
               -  accurate drawings
               -  diagrams
               -  tables and graphs etc.

• Develop the ability to find information:
              - select information
              - critically, analyze, summarize, and collate information
              - ask questions
              - read data represented in tables, graphs, keys etc.


What is the purpose of Physical Science?

In today’s technologically advanced world, the Physical Sciences are a must. The skills learnt in the subject prepare pupils for advanced thinking and logical thought processes. Physical Science opens doors to careers and opportunities. The subject teaches pupils to question the world around them and try and draw an understanding of how things work.

In South Africa there is currently a dearth of people with Physical Science ability. Many professions require a competence in this subject in order to keep scientific and technological development alive,improve the country's economic growth and to further the social well-being of its people.

This subject will ensure that learners learners:

• Provide pupils with the necessary subject knowledge and comprehension
In the world of technology this is of subsidiary importance to the subject, as information and subject
knowledge can be obtained easily from the internet. We provide an understanding of the
knowledge and arm the pupils with the necessary skills that this requires.

• Develop in pupils the necessary skills, techniques and methods of science.
To introduce pupils to the scientific explanation of phenomena through practical investigations
The scientific method and skills is what keeps our society alive. Our laboratories are equipped so that pupils have the opportunity to learn to question, test and analyse their ideas and thoughts.

• Develop in pupils the desirable scientific attitudes, such as interest and concern for natural phenomena, desire for knowledge, critical thinking and the like.

In a fast track world, we need critical thinkers and pupils that will take an interest in and concern for the environment. Science develops a love for the environment and all that is in it. It will produce future caretakers of this world.

• Introduce pupils to scientific language and terminology
  Competency and being articulate in the world of science is what our
  technologically advanced 
world is demanding. Technology is changing so
  rapidly, one needs to keep abreast with the latest 
terminology and language.

• Introduce pupils to the applications of science in industry and in everyday life

Pupils at TSHWANE MUSLIM SCHOOL are  given the necessary tools to understand the workings and uses of that which is around us.

• Thoroughly equip them for examinations and ultimately, for a future career in
   this subject

Physical Science at TSHWANE MUSLIM prepares pupils for future learning, specialist learning, employment, citizenship, holistic development, socio-economic development, and environmental management.


What is the purpose of History?

This subject will ensure that leraners:

…understand people and societies…History offers a storehouse of information about how people and societies behave. Understanding the operations of people and societies is difficult, though a number of disciplines make the attempt. An exclusive reliance on current data would needlessly handicap our efforts.

…understand change and how the society we live in came to be…History is inescapable as a subject of serious study. The past causes the present, and so the future. Any time we try to know why something happened, we have to look for factors that took shape earlier.

…understand importance of history in our own lives…This fundamental reason for studying history underlies more specific and quite diverse uses of history in our own lives. History well told is beautiful.

Many of the historians who most appeal to the general reading public know the importance of dramatic and skilful writing—as well as of accuracy. History as art and entertainment serves a real purpose on aesthetic grounds but also on the level of human understanding.

…see how history contributes to moral understanding…History also provides a terrain for moral contemplation. Studying the stories of individuals and situations in the past allows a student of history to test his or her own moral sense and to hone it against some of the real complexities individuals have
faced in difficult settings.

…understand how history provides identity…History also helps provide identity and this is unquestionably one of the reasons all modern nations encourage its teaching in some form. Historical data include evidence about how families, groups, institutions and whole countries were formed and
about how they have evolved while retaining cohesion.

Some topics covered include:
• French Revolution
• American War of Independence
• USA,1919 - 1939: “Boom and Bust”
• Russia, 1917 – 1941
• The Cold War: Europe, Vietnam and Middle East
• China: Third Force in the Cold War
• The Crises of the 1980s in South Africa
• Collapse of the USSR
• Civil Society and Civil Protest: USA and South Africa



What is the purpose of Business Studies?

Economic growth and personal financial empowerment depends largely on the positive contributions of  both business and individuals to the economy. In South Africa we are faced with many socio-economic challenges and it is important that young people are able to provide job opportunities for themselves instead of being reliant on the formal labour market. Job creation is the key to South Africa’s economic and social success. The development of these business roles will put learnerss in a position to apply knowledge and skills, to analyse and deal with different business environments (macro, micro and market), to initiate and carry out business ventures and successfully carry out business operations. We aim to empower our learnerss in order that they will become better prepared for the business world. South Africa is now part of the global village and only the very best will survive in this increasingly competitive world.

Who should take the subject?

For those that:

have a passion for business, investments and management. 

who wish to develop business savvy and find out more about the operations in a business. 

who have an interest in labour developments.

who enjoy problem solving and developing strategies to deal with issues. 

who wish to study for a business degree at a tertiary institution or who are likely to run their own business one day.

What skills are useful?

An ability to question critically the happenings in the world around us and to find possible solutions. 

A general knowledge and keenness to read the newspapers. 

The ability to write a factual report and come up with original solutions to problems. 

The ability to remember factual content and then analyse and interpret this information. 


“Money talks”

This subject will ensure that learners:
• Acquire and apply essential knowledge, skills and principles to conduct
  business productively 
and profitably in changing business and social

• Create business opportunities, creatively solve problems and take risks
   while respecting the 
rights of others as well as environmental sustainability;
• Apply basic leadership and management skills and principles while working
  with others to 
accomplish business goals;
• Are motivated, self-directed, reflective lifelong learners who manage    
   themselves responsibly;

• Be able to analyze and evaluate different business scenarios critically;
• Gain an understanding of change, how to manage change and cope with
   stress; and

• In addition to being able to secure formal employment, students of Business
   Studies will be able

to pursue sustainable entrepreneurial and self-employment career pathways. It also forms the 
foundation for further business learning opportunities in commerce degree study.



What is the purpose of Accounting?

Accounting is much more than the recording of financial information and data. It develops knowledge,skills and the ability to make meaningful financial decisions in the social as well as the economic environments.

This subject will ensure that pupils are equipped with skills and basic knowledge to control personal finances as well as the finances of enterprises. This includes the logical, systeatic and accurate recording of financial transactions as well as the analysis and interpretation of financial statements.

The study of Managerial Accounting includes concepts such as budgeting - an important tool for anyone who will be managing their own finances - as well as costing, an important part of manufacturing enterprises.

Learners are also equipped with tools in Managing Resources, which include basic internal control and audit processes as well as the adherence to a code of ethics, which are so necessary in the modern day society. Emphasis is placed on the knowledge and understanding of ethics as well as human rights and sound values in financial and managerial activities.

Some topics covered include:

• Accounting concepts and manual or electronic (PASTEL) recording
   procedures for the sole 
trader, partnership, non-profit organization and

• The Accounting equation
• VAT concepts, calculations and applications (Ledger and VAT 201)
• Bank, debtors and creditors reconciliations
• Analysis of published financial statements and audit reports
• Preparation and explanation of budget concepts
• Preparation and analysis of cost information for a manufacturing enterprise

From the topics covered it should be noted that pupils intending to take Accounting as a subject require ability in mathematical, calculation and logical thinking skills.

Educational and Career Links

Topics covered correspond directly and form a base for topics covered at tertiary level.

Computer Applications technology

 Learning Outcomes

1. Operational Knowledge of Information and communication Technologies

2. Integrated end-user Computer Applications Skills and Knowledge in
    Problem Solving

3. Information Management

Content of Syllabus

Computer Applications Technology equips pupils with knowledge, skills, values and attitudes to create, design and communicate information in different formats. It also makes it possible for learners to collect, analyse and edit data and to manipulate, process, present and communicate information to different sectors of society.
Type of Pupil:

A pupil, who demonstrates an ability to think logically and analytically, holistically and laterally

Skills learnt:

The development of self-discipline, productivity, accuracy, neatness and  
 personal style 
necessary for the effective application of information
 management and communication skills; 
an understand of and proficiency in collecting, accessing, capturing and analysing data, as well as interpreting, manipulating and processing information in order to make informed decisions;

Effective communication by using appropriate communication modes and tools;

The ethical and responsible use of end-user computer application programmes;

responsible use of information and communication technologies in the promotion and protection of human rights and values; and entrepreneurial skills and opportunities.

Career Links

Although Computer Applications Technology is located within the Information Technology and Computer Sciences sub-field, this subject is complementary to all other subjects in the Further Education and Training band.

Computer Applications Technology allows pupils to develop basic to advanced end-user computer skills. This ensures that pupils can enter different career pathways in a number of fields, or apply these and related skills to create employment for themselves and for others.



Arabic is now the second most widely spoken language internationally. Unlike many other languages it is not confined to any country or continent.

     The teaching of Arabic has changed in recent years. With the
     introduction of our new text books and the CAPS, the emphasis of
     teaching has shifted from a grammatical focus to one of  

     With the IEB as the custodians of the grade 12 examinations for Arabic
    there, is special emphasis on communicative skills. Thus the grades10 -
    12 syllabus includes:

1. The development of the 4 basic skills – listening, speaking, reading and

2. The study of carefully chosen genre of Arabic literature stimulates the
    learners Deeni conscious and thinking.

    Most universities worldwide offer Arabic as both undergraduate and
    postgraduate studies.

    Tertiary institutions award higher recognition for additional languages
    (Arabic) than humanities.

    Arabic is helpful in many careers such as politics, diplomacy, teaching,
    translation, journalism, tourism, trade & industry and many more.

Over and above all I SHOULD LOVE ARABIC because I am a Muslim and my religion is Islam. Allah has blessed me with the Noble Qur`aan to teach me how to be good, righteous and pious. He revealed the Noble Qur`aan in an easy language that our beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) spoke. It is also the language of paradise. Therefore I have a duty as a Muslim to learn and know this beautiful language. I should love it and speak it too.



 May Allah guide us all in the decisions we make . Ameen 




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